Traditional Cultures Essay

Anthropology is the subject that answers the inquiries sing human existences ( Ember & A ; Ember. 1993. p. 2 ) . Anthropologists seek to happen the “when. where. and why” of human life on Earth ( p. 2 ) . As such. it comprises a broad scope of adherents. from sociology. biological science. political scientific discipline. economic sciences. history. an even doctrine and literate ( p. 2 ) . There are four major bomber subjects of anthropology- physical anthropology. linguistics. archeology and ethnology ( p. 2 ) . Physical anthropology refers to the human development. linguistics trades with the linguistic communication. and archeology and ethnology pertain to cultural history and cultural fluctuation. severally. This essay will compare the civilizations of the Hmong and the Samoans.

Based on some pieces of grounds. the Hmong trace their beginning from Siberia ( Lao Family Community of Minnesota. 1997 ) . They had pale tegument. blonde hair and spoke a linguistic communication similar to Chinese ( 1997 ) . In fact. the first concrete historical history of the Hmongs was in China from B. C. to 400 A. D. ( 1997 ) . It was said that Chinese dynasties either “welcomed the Hmongs” or “tried to enslave them” ( 1997 ) .

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Throughout the centuries. the Hmongs struggled for freedom until they traveled to Laos. enticed by the fecund land and the “promise of freedom” in the Laotian mountains ( 1997 ) . When war broke out. the U. S. Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) trained some Hmong to go undercover agents ( Moua. 2003. p. 9 ) . Following the Vietnam War. many Hmong sought safety in Thailand. France and the US. ( 1997 ) . Harmonizing to the 2000 U. S. nose count. an estimated 170. 000 Miaos now call US their place. largely shacking in Minneapolis and St. Paul in Minnesota. Fresno. CA and Milwaukee. WI ( 1997 ) .

On the other manus. Samoans are said to origin from the West Indies and the Malay Peninsula ( Pacific Island Travel. 2007 ) . Some Samoans believe that that their ascendant is the God Tagaloa ( 2007 ) . There is a Samoan fable comparing their beginning to that of the Biblical creative activity ( 2007 ) . Until the 1660s. Samoan had a simple manner of life. With the reaching of missionaries. British. German and American authoritiess. the island has had undergone colonisation ( 2007 ) . The island is presently divided into two- Western Samoa ( which was under German and New Zealand authorities so but is now an independent state ) and Eastern Samoa. which has been a U. S. ownership since 1900 ( 2007 ) .

For the Hmong. affinity forms the Southern Cross of their society. whether consanguineal or affine family ( Moua. 2003. p. 13 ) . The Hmong society dictates akin affinities as the most of import ( p. 13 ) . Furthermore. ties. whether blood or affine family. play an of import function in determining and beef uping kins. furthering support and cooperation and making duties and functions ( p. 13 ) .

Additionally. the Hmong has a “ritual signifier of kinship” which includes acceptance ( p. 13 ) . The basic societal construction of the Hmong society has 18 kins ( p. 15 ) . These kins are responsible for assisting “consanguine members” from the twenty-four hours they were born to the twenty-four hours they died ( p. 15 ) . Each kin has a establishing male ascendant. consistent with the patrilineal usage common in Asiatic civilization ( p. 16 ) . This patrilineal system differentiates the Miaos from the Samoans.

The Samoans have an ambilineal society ( Ember & A ; Ember. 1993. p. 345 ) . This means that Samoans may follow their ambilineal group through their female parent or male parent. doing them affiliated to a figure or descent groups ( p. 345 ) . In a Samoan society. there exist two ambilineal groups- kins and bomber kins ( p. 345 ) . In each kin. there are heads and each group takes the name of its senior head. On the other manus. bomber kins take their name on the junior heads ( p. 345 ) .

Since the Hmongs live in the mountains. their nutrient subsistence engineering is chiefly switching cultivation. farm animal genteelness and patio field agriculture ( Tinh. 2002 ) . They works harvests. such as rice and corn ( p. 9 ) . The Hmong besides raise American bisons. cattles. caprine animals. and hogs ( p. 9 ) . Domestic fowl is besides prevailing. such as poulet. ducks. and geese but largely reserved for offerings ( p. 10 ) .

Samoans. populating on a exuberant island. benefits from gardening ( Ember & A ; Ember. 1993. p. 234 ) . Like the Hmong. they plan harvests. Their staple root harvest is called cocoyam ( p. 234 ) . They besides works fruit-bearing trees such as coconuts and bananas ( p. 234 ) . Samoans besides raise poulet and hogs but these are “eaten occasionally” ( 234 ) . Samoans are known to market copra ( sundried coconut meat ) worldwide ( p. 345 ) .

Today. Hmong continue to populate in Vietnamese mountains. Food has ever been a job for them. Their stray communities have made promotions hard for the Hmong. Lack of information. aggravated by their turning population. has made Hmong life complicated. They have frequently been accused of fiddling the environment due to their pattern of switching cultivation ( Lee & A ; Tapp. 2005 ) .

There are now plans to travel the Hmong to the low lands. That may both be an advantage and disadvantage to them. It is an advantage for traveling to the Lowlandss would expose them to the universe. so to talk. They would be able to open their heads. However. on the down side. go forthing their places may besides be unsafe to them. They would be far from their mores and that could do pandemonium or opposition.

The Samoans. being colonized by Western states. besides have their ain jobs. While they have retained their civilization and in fact have capitalized on it to pull attending. the islands have survived largely on fiscal AIDSs. Following the independency of Samoa most of its citizens have migrated to New Zealand. This lone proves that Samoans still believe that life exterior is better.

The Hmong and the Samoans have distinct features that make them rich in civilization. However. life in the 20Thursdaycentury is disputing. Uniting elements of civilization. imposts and society with the urban universe is a phenomenon that the Hmong and Samoans merely hold to face.

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Mentions

Ember. C. & A ; Ember. M. ( 1993 ) .Anthropology7Thursdayed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Koria. Samoa. ( 1995 ) . The people of Samoa. Retrieved July 24. 2008 from

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. inmotionmagazine. com/pi. hypertext markup language.

Lao Family Community of Minnesota ( 1997 ) . History of the Hmong-a timeline.

Retrieved July 24. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. laofamily. org/about-lao-family. htm.

Lee. G. & A ; Tapp. N. ( 2005 ) . Current Hmong issue- 12 point statement.

Retrieved July 24. 2008. from hypertext transfer protocol: //members. ozemail. com. au/~yeulee/Topical/12point % 20statement. hypertext markup language.

Moua. Teng. ( 2003 ) . The Hmong civilization: affinity. matrimony and household systems.

Retrieved July 24. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. uwstout. edu/lib/thesis/2003/2003mouat. pdf.

Pacific Island Travel ( 2007 ) . Samoa. Retrieved July 24. 2008. from

hypertext transfer protocol: World Wide Web. pacificislandtravel. com/samoa/about_destin/history. asp.

Tinh. Vuong Xuan. ( 2002 ) . Looking for nutrient: the hard journey of the Hmong in

Viet nams: ( anthropological positions on nutrient security ) . Retrieved July 24. 2008. from hypertext transfer protocol: //minds. Wisconsin. edu/bitstream/1793/23092/1/vxt0211loo. pdf.

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