To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird incorporates historically accurate stuff into an otherwise fictional narrative. Pulling upon current events. societal conditions. and attitudes prevalent in the United States during the 1930s. the novel’s scene. characters and subjects depict a realistic reading of life in a southern town during the Depression. This authoritative novel takes topographic point during the early 1930s. The novel accurately portrays the societal system and problems of the Depression epoch. where poorness and unemployment affected legion provinces. including Alabama. Poverty seemed to hold been the chief battle for households in the 1930s. Atticus Finch. the supporter of the novel. an educated attorney. who goes to work in clean apparels. and owns adequate money to engage a black housekeeper to watch over his kids belonged to the elite of local society. nevertheless they excessively were low on money. Poverty seemed to hold contributed to doing the South a stratified society. As Jem said “There’s four sorts of folks in the word. There’s the ordinary sort like us and the neighbours. there’s the sort like the Cunninghams out in the forests. the sort like the Ewells down at the shit. and the Negroes. ” ( page 103 ) To farther explain. the Finches base towards the top of Maycomb’s societal hierarchy. following the townspeople beneath them. After the townspeople come the nescient husbandmans such as the Cunninghams. so the white rubbish Ewells resting at the underside of the totem pole. However at the really underside of the list come the African-Americans. These societal divisions are what make up Maycomb. doing children’s perplexity at the category position. and bias in human interaction amongst Maycomb’s few occupants. It is apparent that the manner things are in the little town of Maycomb. are the manner they have ever been. At this clip. in the early 1930’s. cars had merely been about for a few old ages. it was common for most households to depend on Equus caballuss for transit. while the more elect were fortunate plenty to drive cars.

The Great Depression affected every group of Americans during the tough epoch. Whether one was a husbandman like Mr. Cunningham or a attorney like Atticus Finch. black or white. immature or old. they were affected. However in those old ages. there was a clear hierarchy and difference between those that had money and lived in nice. furnished houses. compared to those who struggled to run their ain farm. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Harper Lee focused more on the differences between Whites and inkinesss in the society. To Kill a Mockingbird portrayed the racial unfairnesss and bias against African Americans in the United States during the Great Depression. These condemnable rights issues were shown during the Trial of Tom Robinson. All black work forces were viewed as rapers. after a false rumour and accusal. It is apparent Maycomb has ever been racially segregated. The African-Americans of Maycomb have their ain church and graveyard outside the metropoliss boundary line. Inside the courtroom. the white have good seats on the floor. while the inkinesss sit up in the balcony in their ain separate subdivision. Similar to this. in film theaters designated doors were assigned to color and Whites with marks written on separate doors. White and black kids attended different schools until school segregation was established in 1954. White persons and inkinesss were non allowed in the same gaol cells. and the inequality amongst races in the courtroom during tests. Once Mayella. Mr. Ewell and Tom Robinson had all testified. even though it was clear Tom Robinson was guiltless. the jury claimed him guilty because they wouldn’t let a black adult male free against the testimony of two white people. Similar to Tom Robinson’s trail is the Scottsboro test that took topographic point in March of 1931 in Alabama. That twenty-four hours. two white misss were allegedly raped by nine black adolescents on the Southern Railroad. Although there was no grounds linking the male childs to the adult females. they were all charged with colza and sent to gaol.

This tribunal instance caused many trails. strong beliefs and penalties for a offense that was ne’er committed. Both Tom Robinson and the Scottsboro test dealt with the word of a white adult female against the word of an Afro-american and the fact there was no existent grounds. There were several cases where a black adult male had been killed before he was put on test. This type of racism occurred because the white people saw themselves as better and more civilised people The households and characters in To Kill a Mockingbird were accurately portrayed in traditional. old fashioned families in the early 1930’s. Girls were expected to move like ladies. and boys to move like gentlemen. The traditional adult female occupations included stay at place house married womans. and instructors such as Miss Caroline. Scout is unlike more misss her age. She prefers overalls and a button up shirt as supposed to a frock with stockings. However. Atticus’s sister. Aunt Alexandra is the perfect southern lady. She has really rigorous and traditional thoughts of how Maycomb’s society plants and the functions a Southern adult female must play. She seriously tried to go through along and learn Lookout to going a lady. who is non preponderantly interested. Her concernedness and finding lead to her stay with the household the summer of Tom Robinson’s trail to “properly” raise Jem and Scout. Atticus treats his kids as grownups. and expects to be treated with regard. Majority of the population of Alabama at this clip were Christians. and attended church every Sunday forenoon. Calpurnia. the Finchs coloured house keeper took Jem and Scout to the church for African-Americans exterior of town on Sundays. There. the childs saw that Calpurnia acted otherwise with her friends they she did in the Finches family. “That Calpurnia led a modest dual life ne’er dawned on me. The thought that she had a separate being outside our family was a fresh 1. to state nil of her holding bid of two linguistic communications. ” ( page 128 ) . Back in 1930. the bulk of the Afro-american population was uneducated. They did non hold the same chances as the Whites.

A typical coloured household in the 1930s consisted of the married woman working as a amah or housekeeper. the adult male working a really low income occupation. and the kids frequently did non go to school. and alternatively helped supply an income for the household. After Tom Robinson was put in gaol. Helen. his married woman. no longer had an income. The old fashioned families are to state were due to the obstinacy of the society. and the unwillingness to alter. Atticus Finch. unlike most Maycomb occupants. was the lone one to come into Tom Robinson’s defence. showing his kindness and his house beliefs of equality. To Kill a Mockingbird depicts multiple subjects. nevertheless the most of import subject is the geographic expedition of moral nature of worlds. In other words. whether people are good or evil. This is shown through Jem and Scout’s childhood artlessness being transitioned into a more big position. Like any childs. Jem and Scout assumed that all people are good. because they had ne’er seen immorality. However. after witnessing the Tom Robinson test. the kids see that there is evil that exists. Despite Tom’s strong belief Scout struggled to understand yet still maintained religion in human nature. However Jem’s religion in humanity was damaged one time discovery the immorality of racism. A premier illustration of goodness is Atticus Finch. All throughout the novel. he stood up for his personal beliefs. He taught his kids. every bit good as the town that people contain facets of good and evil. nevertheless the good frequently will predominate. Atticus struggles to alter the society’s position. nevertheless continues to stand wall because he believes goodness will predominate over all immoralities. including racism and racial equality will shortly be. Conflicts are caused between certain persons and the community. when each has a different criterion of right and incorrect. Due to Atticus’ determination to support Tom Robinson in his test. the husbandmans. including Mr. Cunningham and Mr. Ewell were non happy with Mr. Finch. Atticus stood tall from the beginning to the really terminal of the test. in hopes of turn outing to the town about goodness. Scout developed as a character in the novel through her gradual development towards understanding Atticus’s lessons about goodness. In the concluding chapters. she viewed the universe from Boo Radley’s position and has a strong belief that in the terminal. goodness prevails. Published in 1960. some believe To Kill a Mockingbird is an autobiography of Harper Lee’s life.

However she denied that the narrative is non an autobiography and merely wrote “what she knows” . There are legion similarities between the characters and scene and her ain childhood and life turning up. Harper Lee grew up in Monroeville. a little town in Alabama similar to Maycomb. Similarities between herself and Scout’s life are unmistakable. Her male parent. A. C. Lee. was her inspiration for Atticus’s character. He excessively was a attorney and defended two black work forces accused of slaying. However these two work forces were found guilty and were hung. Lee described her childhood in an interview as being a “rough n tough tomboy” . Turning up she was surrounded by racism and occasional force. and said her childhood inspired her to compose To Kill a Mockingbird. Through the usage of puting. characters and one of the many subjects. To Kill a Mockingbird accurately represented the southern United States in the early 1930s. Write 30 old ages subsequently. Harper Lee was able to slackly integrate similar events. environments. and societal facets of Alabama during the old ages of the Great Depression. One ground why this novel is considered an all-time classic is because of its permanent significance that portrays different facets or events and issues. doing it
worthwhile and memorable.

Plants Cited

Crow. Jim. “The Scottsboro Case ( 1931 ) . ” PBS. PBS. n. d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. phosphate buffer solution. org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_scotts. hypertext markup language

“To Kill a Mockingbird: Scottsboro Trials. ” To Kill a Mockingbird: Scottsboro Tests. N. p. . n. d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //resources. mhs. vic. edu. au/mockingbird/scottsboro. htm & gt ;

“Themes in To Kill a Mockingbird. ” Themes in To Kill a Mockingbird. N. p. . 09 July 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. slideshare. net/es99. trish. turner/themes-in-to-kill-a-mockingbird & gt ; .

“To Kill a Mockingbird. ” Study Guides & A ; Essay Editing. N. p. . n. d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. gradesaver. com/to-kill-a-mockingbird/study-guide/major-themes/ & gt ; .

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