The Social Work Theory Social Work Essay


Social work pattern enables disadvantaged people to develop their full potency and enrich their lives. It is complex and ambitious profession. Social workers deal with a assortment of clients from different ethnicity, age, gender, disablement and societal inequalities. Use of theories in societal work pattern gives it a strong cognition base. They provide a manner of thought and knowing.

In this essay I will discourse the inter-relationship between theory and societal work pattern and theoretical paradigms in societal work. It will so explicate how theories shape societal work pattern and frailty versa.


Theories ever help to better the societal operation of persons by assisting societal worker and clients to understand conflicting ideas and feelings. They besides help societal worker to keep a focal point on interplay between the individual and their environment. There are many theories from psychological science, biological science, sociology and economic sciences that provide strong cognition base to the societal work pattern. These theories are related to human development, personality, household system, socialisation and organisational operation. Depending upon specific issue societal workers can use relevant theories to pattern.

Theory and pattern work aboard each other in societal work pattern. Theories explain certain behaviors and ushers through ways of altering troublesome behavior. There are many theories that can be used by a societal worker in pattern. The theory used by societal worker in relevant state of affairs should supply societal worker with a model to understand and explicate client ‘s behavior, generalise client ‘s debatable countries, place cognition spreads and intervene. Theories help societal workers to understand persons and do sense of the state of affairs by holding a set of guidelines.

It is of import to take relevant theory as it straight influences on societal workers approach to clinical pattern. Theories work as lenses for societal workers to depict and understand client and their universe and ease penetration to convey positive alteration ( Walsh, 2010 ) .

Clinical societal work pattern is defined as societal work theory and method to decide and forestall households, persons, groups concentrating on psychosocial challenges. Practice is based on human development theories and focused on inequalities faced by vulnerable clients ( Walsh, 2010 ) .

A societal worker with a strong theoretical background is able to pattern in a hurt, relaxed, confident and competent mode. There are many theories that give a assortment of interesting.


Theoretical paradigm is an image of society based on cardinal premises and ushers sociological thought and research. A societal worker is a assistant or a alteration agent employed to convey alterations for improvement of an person, households group or communities. They are expected to be knowing and skilled in making so ( Zastrow, 2010 ) . To do any determinations or to take any actions the societal worker requires professional cognition. Social work is practised in relevancy to theories and perspective theoretical account. Social workers ain experiences, personal and professional, values and believes contribute to placing state of affairss, analyzing them utilizing relevant theory and doing determinations in pattern.

Decision devising in societal work pattern is based on societal workers perspective theoretical account or theory.Perspective is a wide manner of sing human behavior in relevancy to its interaction with environment, strengths, failing, values and believes.It is a holistic position of person ‘s behavior. In order to be able to do any determinations they need to place cause, analyze them to happen solutions to the state of affairss and decide.

The Ecosystem position has been in pattern since 1970s in societal work. It recognises the relationship between environment and single. In societal work pattern it helps admit the influence of environmental and situational on disadvantage single households or groups. The strength based pattern accent on single ‘s self-government. Regardless of person ‘s environment they have certain strengths, wisdom and cognition. This attack is client focussed and for a societal worker to go cognizant of them, they need to demo client that they are truly interested in assisting and conveying a alteration. Social workers belief in clients and their strengths can research solutions and resources ( Poulin, 2009 )

Social work pattern is identified by two wide theories, Explanatory theory and Interventive theory. Explanatory theory explains factors that form human behavior and Interventive theory facilitates alterations in human behavior.Theories provide a generalized thought to understand human behaviors in different circumstance and facilitate alteration ( Lehmann and Coady, 2001 ) .

There are many theories available for societal workers to mention to in pattern. In certain state of affairss some theories are more applicable and appropriate so others.

Psychodynamic theory positions root cause of most jobs faced by single as unpleasant, awful and painful experience as a kid.The end of this theory is to admit unconscious head and do it witting. It helps client ‘s to construe and develop an penetration to their past act uponing their present.Whereas the cognitive behavioral theories positions maladaptive behaviors to be learned.Problematic behaviors and ideas are learned in past and can be changed through positive support and behavioural-cognitive therapies. Humanistic theory positions debatable behaviors as a consequence of losing their touch with facets of their experiences. Social worker needs to acquire these clients to wake up themselves to their painful worlds and convey new intending to their life ( Lehman and Coady, 2001 ) .

Positions, theoretical accounts and theories guide societal workers to pattern expeditiously and convey alterations.Theories give way and intent to the societal work pattern.


Social work purposes to better social conditions and working.They work in a dynamic work environment which is invariably altering and disputing. They need to get a model to understand a context, its complexnesss and be able to supply solutions ( Greene and Greene, 2008 ) .Theories provides aims to societal worker in enabling people to do their societal fortunes better. Theory informs twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours pattern and assist societal workers see familiar forms and regularities in pattern. There are many theories that explains human behaviors and factors act uponing it otherwise ( Howe,2009 ) . Some theories such as psychodynamic theory positions human behaviors as merchandise of unconscious heads experiences in childhood whereas on the other manus behavioral theory neglects impressions of unconscious head and positions human behavior as a aggregation of actions that brought favorable effects and were repeated.

A societal work theory explains human behaviors objectively but human existences are self-defining every bit good as socially defined. Theories in societal work pattern are merely like maps proposing paths to finish but which route is most appropriate and how to acquire to the finish comes down to societal worker and his/her pattern accomplishments.

Social workers have ethical and professional duty to help deprived persons, groups or households in the best manner possible. They observe buttockss, interact and intervene with persons and their environment. Social worker ‘s pattern wisdom plays an of import function in pattern along with theoretical cognition ( Teater, 2010 ) .

The health theoretical account given by Mason Durie views four dimensions that should be considered while working with Maori clients- the religious, emotional, physical and extended household dimension. When working with Maori client ‘s societal workers attack should be in relevancy to the four dimensions and appropriate theoretical model is applied ( Working with Maori, neodymium ) .

Social workers buttockss evaluate and reflect on their ain pattern and the usage of theories to find rightness and effectivity of assorted theories ( Teater, 2010 ) . Critical contemplation in societal work pattern helps workers develop self-awareness and measure their ain pattern professional and personally, it facilitates high criterion of pattern giving favorable results ( Maidment and Egan, 2009 ) .

Social work is pattern is based on systematic and grounds based cognition from researches and by reflecting on one ‘s ain pattern.

Different theories inform pattern and are developed further and changed depending on pattern result. Practitioners use a assortment of theoretical position relevant to clients or pattern by intermixing several theoretical attacks ( Maidment and Egan, 2009 ) . Relation between theory and pattern is considered to be automatic.Theories play a important function in societal work pattern but at the same clip societal work pattern is non a slave to theory ( Maidment and Egan, 2009 ) .Theories shape practise and pattern forms theory.


Social work is a profession that works for improvement of society. It promotes wellbeing by authorising clients, households or groups. They recognise the complexness of interaction and influence on human existences and their environment. It is practiced on cognition base provided by assorted psychological science theories on human behavior. Theories provide account on certain behaviors and ushers on intercession to decide debatable behavior. Social workers deal with clients, households or groups from a diverse backgrounds and societal inequalities. Their pattern is based on generalized model of understanding human behavior given by assorted theories and societal work pattern theoretical accounts. Social work pattern and theories work aboard each other and are inseparable and neither does one dominant other.


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