The History Of Freedmans Bureau Social Work Essay

The Freeman ‘s Bureau was enacted in March 1865 and dismantled in 1872. The Freeman ‘s Bureau was enacted straight after the Civil War to supply impermanent alleviation to late liberate slaves. This act supported many African Americans by giving them nutrient, shelter, and constructing them schools.

Dawes Act

The Dawes Act was signed into jurisprudence on February 8, 1887. The Dawes Act was developed from Senator Henry Dawes, a senator from Massachusetts, originally named the General Allotment Act. The Dawes Act merely allowed 160 estates to the caput of the household, which limited the sum of land they could have. Since so many Native Americans needed resources, they decided to sell their land to white work forces. The white work forces cheated the Indians out of 90,000 estates and they were left homeless. Besides, this act made embarkation schools for Indian kids so they could lose their tribal influences while being ripped off from their households for months at a clip. The act was amended in 1981 and in 1906, by the Burke Act.

( Saad, 2011 ; Segal, 2010 )

Progressive Era

The Progressive Era was from 1875 to 1925. The Progressive Era had economic growing, but in bend had an addition in poorness, which made a displacement in societal public assistance policies from household to authorities duty. The two chief plans during the Progressive Era were the Charity Organization Societies ( COS ) and the colony motion. The Charity Organization Society was foremost established in Buffalo, New York in 1877. The chief intent of the COS was to extinguish poorness in hapless vicinities by finding what was doing the poorness and so seeking to extinguish it. COS workers were called “ friendly visitants ” because the workers visited the household and gave them any services they needed. The colony motion was established in 1887 in New York City with the Neighborhood Guild. During the colony motion, workers would travel into vicinities with hapless people and assist them larn accomplishments to turn out of poorness. Besides, in the Progressive Era the Children ‘s Aid Society ( CAS ) was established in 1853 in New York. The CAS was to assist kids who were orphaned, households were excessively hapless to care for them, or who had left their households. The end of the CAS was to take kids from hapless households and set them in households with money.

( Segal, 2010 )

Social Security Act of 1935

The Social Security Act was enacted in 1935. The two chief societal plans that were enacted through the Social Security Act were public aid and societal insurance. The act included:

Economic security for the elderly

Unemployment insurance

Aid for dependent kids

Fundss for provinces

Baby and maternal wellness

Aid to kids with disablements

( Segal, 2010 )

Public Assistance

Public aid is a authorities funded attempt to assist individuals whose income falls below the poorness degree. Public aid is merely impermanent for people who are distress.

( Segal, 2010 )

Social Insurance

Social insurance is a plan for workers and their dependants that have retired, have disablement, or died that need economic resources. Social insurance is for anyone who has worked and the resources are for the remainder of their lives.

( Segal, 2010 )

Civilian Conservation Corps

The Civilian Conservation Corps ( CCC ) was established in 1933 under Franklin D. Roosevelt ‘s New Deal. The intent of the CCC was to use immature work forces and acquire them to assist with the saving of the state ‘s natural resources. The CCC helped regenerate the state ‘s woods by seting three billion trees. Work force in the CCC were paid $ 1 a twenty-four hours, were given a topographic point to populate, and three cooked repasts. Besides, the CCC helped work forces larn how to read and compose through their educational plans they had at the cantonments they lived at. The Civilian Conservation Corps was amended in 1942 by Congress, who refused to give any more money to the organisation.

( “ Civilian preservation corps, n.d. ” ; Segal, 2010 )

Works Progress Administration

The Works Progress Administration ( WPA ) was established in 1933 under Franklin D. Roosevelt ‘s New Deal. The intent of the WPA was to assist employee more than 8.5 million people for authorities occupations. The WPA employees built Bridgess, schools, and other authorities edifices. Besides, the employees were merely paid $ 41.57 a month. The WPA was directed by Harry Hopkins, but was dismantled in 1943.

( “ The plants advancement, n.d. ” ; Segal, 2010 )

War on Poverty

The War on Poverty was initiated in 1962 by Michael Harrington ‘s book The Other America: Poverty in the United States. The War on Poverty was officially formed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964. The first act Johnson passed was the Economic Opportunity Act. The plans in the Economic Opportunity Act were the Job Corps plan, which helped youth gain experience for employment, VISTA plan, which made more community services in hapless vicinities, and the Community Action Programs, which provided federal financess for plans working towards poorness. The Economic Opportunity Act besides established Head Start, which provided services for hapless preschool kids. Besides, the War on Poverty established in Food Stamp Program, which helped better hungriness in America. The War on Poverty expanded the Medicare and Medicaid plans, which was to assist with health care for hapless, aged, and people with disablements.

( Segal, 2010 )

Economic Opportunity Act

The first act Johnson passed was the Economic Opportunity Act in 1964. The plans in the Economic Opportunity Act were the Job Corps plan, which helped youth gain experience for employment, VISTA plan, which made more community services in hapless vicinities, and the Community Action Programs, which provided federal financess for plans working towards poorness. The Economic Opportunity Act besides established Head Start, which provided services for hapless preschool kids.

( Segal, 2010 )

Job Corps

The Job Corps plan helps youth gain experience, such as instruction and preparation, for employment. It was enacted in 1964 and is still around today.

( Segal, 2010 )

VISTA ( Volunteers in Service to America )

The VISTA plan was enacted in 1964. It made more community services in hapless vicinities. The VISTA plan has helped fight poorness in America for over 45 old ages.

( Segal, 2010 )

Community Action Program

The Community Action Program was enacted in 1964. It provided financess for community plans that were seeking to extinguish poorness in America.

( Segal, 2010 )

Food Stamp Program

The Food Stamp Program was enacted in 1964. The Food Stamp Programs intent was to assist alleviate hungriness in America. The Food Stamp Program was supposed to be used as a support non to provide a household with all their nutrient demands. In 2008, the name was changed to the Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program ( SNAP ) . It is provided by a recognition card or vouchers that help households buy nutrient they need based on their income and how many household members there are.

( Segal, 2010 )

Medicare

Medicare is a wellness insurance plan for aged individual ‘s age 65 old ages old and older. Medicare is portion of the Social Security Act, which is available to individuals who have been working and paid into the plan during that clip.

( Segal, 2010 )

portion A

Medicare Part A screens:

Hospital attention

Skilled nursing attention

Nursing place attention

Hospice

Home wellness

( “ What does Medicare, n.d. ” )

portion B

Medicare Part B works with services, such as medical supplies or services and preventive services. Medicare Part B screens:

Clinical research

Ambulance services

Mental wellness services

Second sentiment before surgery

Limited prescription drugs

( “ What does Medicare, n.d. ” )

portion C

Medicare Part C, which is known as Medicare Advantage. Medicare Part C is where you chose all wellness attention services through a supplier. Medicare Part C normally has lower cost for medical services, but you have to be in Medicare Part A and B for you to be enrolled in Part C.

( “ Differences between Medicare, n.d. ” )

portion D-Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit

Medicare Part D is a drug coverage plan through Medicare. Part D ‘s “ donut hole ” is to be reduced over the old ages to do it more low-cost.

( “ Medicare portion vitamin D, n.d. ” )

Medicare Modernization Act

Medicare Modernization Act was enacted in 2003. The Medicare Modernization Act was the combined public and private wellness attention system.

( Segal, 2010 )

Medigap

Medigap is a private insurance for people who are in Medicare. Medigap helps pay for wellness services that Medicare does non pay for.

( Segal, 2010 )

Medicaid

Medicaid is a wellness insurance plan for individuals who are hapless and people with disablements. Most of the money for Medicaid is for hapless kids. Medicaid is wellness insurance for individuals who can non coverage of their ain.

( Segal, 2010 )

Older Americans Act

The Older Americans Act was enacted in 1965. It was developed to hold a countrywide web to assist with services for the aged. Besides, the Older Americans Act established the Administration on Aging. It helped to guarantee that older individuals were good taken attention of, including in-home services, transit, and legal aid. The Older Americans Act ‘s services are available to all individuals 60 old ages old and older, regardless of agencies to pay.

( Segal, 2010 )

Head Start

Head State was established in 1965. Head Start helps supply services for preschool kids who are populating in poorness. Some of the services they provided are:

Medicare attention

Nutrition

Education for parents

Preparations for school

The plan was expanded in 1995 for low-income babies and yearlings. Since it has expanded, it is working on bettering linguistic communication and other accomplishments. Besides, they promote better rearing accomplishments.

( Segal, 2010 )

Aid to Families with Dependent Children

Aid to Families with Dependent Children ( AFDC ) is an enlargement of the Aid to Dependent Children plan of the Social Security Act. It was expanded in 1962 because there were legion sums of instances of individual female parents and households of colour. The AFDC was amended in 1983 by President Reagan for the Family Support Act. In 1996, AFDC was changed to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families ( TANF ) and the province authorities was put in alteration.

( Segal, 2010 )

Impermanent Aid to Needy Families

Impermanent Aid to Needy Families ( TANF ) replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children in 1996. TANF is a impermanent hard currency aid and work plan. TANF was different that AFDC because:

it required receivers to being working in two old ages for 30 hours a hebdomad

Can merely be on TANF for five old ages

Families can have kid attention

Coverage through Medicaid

( Segal, 2010 )

Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act

The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act was enacted in 1987, but it was ne’er to the full funded. This was the first authorities assistance to assist people who were homeless. It was expanded in 2000 and changed to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Act.

( Segal, 2010 )

Comprehensive Employment and Training Act ( CETA )

The Comprehensive Employment and Training Act ( CETA ) was enacted in 1973. CETA was designed to assist people who were unemployed by supplying instruction and work preparation.

( Segal, 2010 )

Family Support Act of 1988

The Family Support Act amended the AFDC in 1988. It gave hapless adult female less support from the poorness. The Family Support Act was changed to TANF in 1996. The Family Support Act ‘s chief intent was to hold a manner to acquire child support payments from noncustodial parents.

( Segal, 2010 )

Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act

The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act was passed in 1991. It was the first authorities statute law to assist supply services for people with AIDS or that are HIV-positive. Services that the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act include:

Home attention

Community attention

Intervention

Prevention

Research

Education

( Segal, 2010 )

Americans with Disabilities Act

The Americans with Disabilities Act was enacted in 1990. It was used to give protection from favoritism to people with disablements in the countries of:

Employment

Public adjustments

Transportation system

Public services

The Americans with Disabilities Act provides hard currency aid is provided by workers compensation or for low-income people.

( Segal, 2010 )

Family Medical Leave Act

The Family and Medical Leave Act ( FMLA ) was enacted in 1993 by President Bill Clinton. The FMLA was the first authorities act that authorized employers to let their workers to hold unpaid leave after they give birth or follow a kid. Besides, the FMLA allowed workers to take unpaid leave if a household member or they had an unwellness. The sum of clip that workers make take off is 12 hebdomads without losing their occupations.

( Segal, 2010 )

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act ( PRWORA ) was enacted in 1996 by President Bill Clinton. The PRWORA was made to restrict societal public assistance plans. Since the PRWORA was enacted, public aid plans now vary by province.

( Segal, 2010 )

Victims of Crimes Act ( VOCA )

The Victims of Crime Act was enacted in 1984 by President Reagan. VOCA was created to supply services for offense victims to assist with injury. VOCA helps more than 4 million victims that experience offense each twelvemonth.

( “ Victims of offenses, n.d. ” )

Violence Against Women Act ( VAWA )

The Violence Against Women Act ( VAWA ) was enacted in 1994 by Congress. The VAWA protects adult females inside and outside the place from intimate force. The jurisprudence was expanded in 2000 by:

Specifying dating force

Expanding stalking Torahs

Protection of immigrants

Trafficking of individuals

( Segal, 2010 )

VINE ( Victim Information and Notification Everyday )

Victim Information and Notification Everyday is the states automated victim presentment system. It allows offense victims to obtain dependable information about condemnable instances. VINE helps:

Comply with victim-rights authorizations

Serve communities

Keep offense victims safe and informed

( “ Vine, n.d. ” )

Age Discrimination in Employment Act ( ADEA )

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act ( ADEA ) was enacted in 1967. It is administered by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The act helps people who are 40 old ages old or older from employment favoritism based on age. Besides, the jurisprudence protects privileges including:

Procedures for firing

Promotions

Compensation

Benefits

Work assignments

Training

The ADEA was amended in 1990 to the Older Workers Benefits Protection Act.

( Segal, 2010 )

Area Agencies on Aging

The Area Agencies on Aging was enacted in 1965. Area Agencies on Aging ‘s intent is to let its members to assist older individuals and individuals with disablements live in their places or communities every bit long as they can.

( Segal, 2010 )

National Family Caregiver Support Program

The National Family Caregiver Support Program amended the Older Americans Act in 2000. The National Family Caregiver Support Program provides

Information, aid, and support to health professionals

Reding and developing for health professionals

Respite attention

Besides, the National Family Caregiver Support Program includes the Native American Caregiver Support Program.

( Segal, 2010 )

Title VII of the Older Americans Act-Vulnerable Elder Rights Protection

Title VII, the Vulnerable Elder Rights Protection, was enacted in 1992 by Congress. Title VII ‘s intent was to forestall maltreatment, disregard, and development of older individuals.

( Segal, 2010 )

Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbidden employers from know aparting against race for engaging patterns. The Civil Rights Act was enacted by President Johnson, although it was drafted by President Kennedy. The chief intent of the Civil Rights Act was to vouch civil rights to African Americans. Besides, the Civil Rights Act created the Employment Opportunity Commission.

( Segal, 2010 )

Elizabethan Poor Law

The Elizabethan Poor Laws were enacted in 1601 in England. The Elizabethan Poor Laws were the first signifier of statute law for societal public assistance policy. The intent of the Elizabethan Poor Laws was to assist the people who were hapless and destitute. The major points of the Elizabethan Poor Laws were:

Differentiation of worthy hapless and unworthy hapless

Family is responsible first

Merely occupants in the community can have aid

Aid is merely given when it is necessary

( Segal, 2010 )

Voting Rights Act

The Voting Rights Act was enacted in 1965. The Voting Rights Act ended literacy trial that were required for people to inscribe in vote. The literacy trials were made to maintain African Americans, who could non read and compose, non be able to vote. Besides, the Voting Rights Act made federal registries in charge of electors inscribing.

( Segal, 2010 )

Entitlement plan

Entitlement plans are required to supply assistance to people who are eligible. An illustration of an entitlement plan is Social Security.

( Segal, 2010 )

In-kind benefits

In-kind benefits are services that are merely provided to eligible receivers. During in-kind benefits, people receive the services alternatively of having hard currency. An illustration of in-kind benefits is public lodging.

( Segal, 2010 )

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was enacted in 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly. It gave the definitions of what human rights was and made it a cosmopolitan definition. Human rights include:

Civil rights and societal justness

Make ends for all states to do advancement for societal, political, and economic

Improve criterions of life

( Segal, 2010 )

15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution allowed the right for all work forces to vote, irrespective of race. The 15th Amendment was enacted in 1870 to vouch voting rights to African Americans, even though the 14th Amendment established equal rights for all work forces.

( Segal, 2010 )

19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

The 19th Amendment granted adult females the right to vote. It was enacted in 1920 after being introduced at the congressional session in 1878.

( Segal, 2010 )

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow Laws were guidelines that forced segregation in Southern provinces. Jim Crow Laws were enacted because African Americans were non allowed to utilize public installations, eating houses, and the forepart of the coach that whites owned. Jim Crow was am entertainer who made inkinesss act infantile, irresponsible, and lazy.

( Segal, 2010 )

Equal Opportunity Commission

Equal Opportunity Commission was enacted as portion of the Civil Rights Act in 1964. The Equal Opportunity Commission placed federal Torahs on workplace favoritism based on age, race, sex, or faith.

( Segal, 2010 )

Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990

The Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990 enacted the procedure of documenting hate offenses. The Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990 was enacted because of two instances in 1998, such as an African American adult male who was beaten and dragged behind a truck until he died and a immature homosexual college pupil who was beaten and tied to a fencing to decease.

( Segal, 2010 )

Hate Crimes Prevention Act-Matthew Sheppard Act

The Hate Crimes Prevention Act was enacted in 1998 by Congress after two hate offenses in 1998. The Hate Crimes Prevention Act provided support for plans that were made to assist forestall hate offenses. Matthew Sheppard was a immature homosexual college pupil who was targeted because he was gay. He was tied to a fencing and left to decease.

( Segal, 2010 )

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action is a policy that works to stop favoritism based on employment and instruction on the footing of race and sex. Affirmative Action has an attempt for equal hiring patterns.

( Segal, 2010 )

Equal Rights Amendment

The Equal Rights Amendment ( ERA ) was enacted in 1972 on Congress. ERA ‘s intent was to widen civil rights protections for adult females. Besides, the ERA was to forbid favoritism to adult females. ERA was attempted to be passed for 49 old ages until it was eventually enacted.

( Segal, 2010 )

Title IX of the Education Amendments to the Social Security Act

Title IX of the Education Amendments to the Social Security Act was enacted in 1972. The intent of Title IX was to forbid favoritism of athleticss squads. Schools and universities were required to give money and other resources to both male and female squads every bit.

( Segal, 2010 )

Civil Rights Restoration Act

The Civil Rights Restoration Act was enacted in 1988 by the Senate, which overrode Presidents Regan ‘s veto. The Civil Rights Restoration Act amended many civil rights ordinances, including Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments, subdivisions of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Age Discrimination Act.

( “ Civil rights proctor, n.d. ” )

Roe v. Wade

Roe v. Wade was the legal instance that legalized abortion to adult females. Roe v. Wade determination was made by the Supreme Court in 1973. It stated that adult females had the right to do their ain medical determinations to hold an abortion, unless they were six months pregnant, so it was prohibited.

( Segal, 2010 )

Defense of Marriage Act

The Defense of Marriage Act was enacted in 1996 by Congress. The Defense of Marriage Act was enacted after Congress feared that cheery matrimony could be legalized in Hawaii. The Act does non censor cheery matrimony, but it permits provinces to non see their matrimony a legal action.

( Segal, 2010 )

Do n’t Ask Do n’t State

Do n’t Ask Do n’t Tell was enacted in 1993 than barred homosexual and sapphic service members from being openly homosexual in the military. President Bill Clinton stated that service members should non be asked about their gender, but to non speak about it either. President Obama repealed the jurisprudence in 2010.

( “ A history of, ” 2010 ; Shapiro, 2012 )

American Indian Movement

The American Indian Movement ( AIM ) started in 1968. AIM worked to decrease Indians turning favoritism. AIM ‘s chief intent was to talk against high unemployment, lodging, land, and poorness. AIM opened the K-12 Heart of the Earth Survival School and took over the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

( “ American Indian motion, n.d. ” )

OASDI

Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Program ( OASDI ) , besides known as Social Security. The OASDI was made for people who had retired, subsisters of individuals who had passed off, or individuals with disablements. 96 % of Americans that are working wage into the OASDI and covered. The federal authorities holds the OASDI money for everyone in the Social Security Trust Fund, which can merely be used for OASDI plans and payments.

( Segal, 2010 )

SSDI ( Social Security Disability Insurance )

Social Security Disability Insurance ( SSDI ) is used to assist people with disablements and people who are 65 twelvemonth old or older. SSDI is for seniors or people with disablements that fall below the poorness line. SSDI is a hard currency aid plan.

( Segal, 2010 )

SSI ( Supplemental Security Insurance )

The Supplemental Security Insurance ( SSI ) was enacted in 1972 by Congress as portion of the Social Security Act. SSI replaced Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Disabled. The SSI is a hard currency aid plan for people who are 65 or older, blind, or handicapped individuals whose income is below the poorness line.

( Segal, 2010 )

Section 8

Section 8 is a federal lodging plan that provides verifiers that can be used to rent a in private owned rental unit. Members of Section 8 have to pay at least 30 % of their income to lodging.

( Segal, 2010 )

Public Housing ( 189 )

Public Housing is for households, elderly, and individuals with disablements whose income is below a certain point. Public Housing is a low-rent public lodging undertakings that was developed in 1937. Their rent is merely approximately 30 % of their monthly income.

( Segal, 2010 )

SCHIP ( State Children ‘s Health Insurance Programs ) ( 242,258 )

The State Children ‘s Health Insurance Program ( SCHIP ) was enacted in 1997 by Congress. SCHIP is a province plan that can be linked to Medicaid that gives wellness insurance to low income kids. SCHIP was enacted because President Clinton said that wellness insurance for kids was of import to child public assistance.

( Segal, 2010 )

Unemployment Insurance

Unemployment Insurance ( UI ) is portion of the Social Security Act. UI give benefits to individuals who have become involuntarily unemployed. UI benefits are merely given to people that are on a regular basis employed and are portion of the labour force.

( Segal, 2010 )

Federal Insurance Contributions Act ( FICA )

The Federal Insurance Contributions Act ( FICA ) requires that employers reserve a certain sum of their employee ‘s income for the Social Security Trust Fund. After employees pay into FICA, so their employers will fit the sum to the Social Security Trust Fund.

( Segal, 2010 )

Senior Citizens Freedom to Work Act

The Senior Citizens Freedom to Work Act was enacted in 2000. The Senior Citizens Freedom to Work Act ‘s intent was to take barriers that allowed seniors to work without holding their benefits reduced.

( Segal, 2010 )

Earned Income Tax Credit

The Earned Income Tax Credit ( EITC ) was enacted in 1975. The EITC is a federal plan that helps households that work full-time year-around addition above the poorness line.

( Segal, 2010 )

Minimal Wage

Minimal pay is the lowest sum of money an employer can pay their employees. The lone manner a individual can be above the poorness line is to raise the minimal pay because even if a individual works full-time year-round, they would merely be above the poorness line if they are individual with no kids.

( Segal, 2010 )

Auxiliary Food Project for Women, Infants and Children ( WIC )

The Supplemental Food Project for Women, Infants and Children ( WIC ) is a federal plan that was enacted in 1960. WIC provides participants with verifiers for nutritionary nutrients, instruction about nutrition, and wellness services for:

Pregnant adult females

Postpartum adult females

Babies

Children up to age 5

( Segal, 2010 )

Workforce Investment Act ( WIA )

The Workforce Investment Act ( WIA ) was enacted in 1998. The WIA replaces the Job Training Partnership Act. WIA modifies occupation preparation plans and creates a comprehensive work force investing system.

( “ Workforce investing act, n.d. ” )

Indian Child Welfare Act

The Indian Child Welfare Act was enacted in 1978. The Indian Child Welfare Act was enacted because Indian kids were being taken out of their places and placed with non-Indian households. The Indian Child Welfare Act made it to where Indian kids should be left in the place, but in instances where they had to be taken out of their place, they should be placed with another Indian household.

( Segal, 2010 )

Sheppard-Towner Act

The Sheppard-Towner Act, besides known as the Maternity and Infancy Act, enacted in 1921. The Sheppard-Towner Act provided wellness attention for pregnant adult females, female parents, and their kids. The Sheppard-Towner Act was repealed because it interfered with the rights of the provinces.

( Segal, 2010 )

Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act ( CAPTA )

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act ( CAPTA ) was enacted in 1974. The CAPTA provided helper to provinces for bar and intervention plans for kids who are abused and neglected. The CAPTA elevated the protection of kids to a federal degree.

( Segal, 2010 )

Adoption and Safe Families Act ( ASFA )

The Adoption and Safe Families Act ( ASFA ) was enacted in 1997 by Congress. ASFA amended the Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Act. The ASFA worked to continue the wellness of kids to work on consolidative households.

( Segal, 2010 )

Child Support Enforcement Amendments

The Child Support Enforcement Amendments was enacted in 1984. The Child Support Enforcement Amendments amended the AFDC. The chief intent of the Child Support Enforcement Amendments was to do certain kids get child support payments from their noncustodial parents.

( Segal, 2010 )

Multiethnic Placement Act

The Multiethnic Placement Act was enacted in 1994. The Multiethnic Placement Act denied acceptance or Foster bureaus from denying anyone on the footing of race, colour, or national beginning.

( Segal, 2010 )

Family Preservation

Family Preservation is the procedure of maintaining households and their kids together. The intent of household saving is to work with the households after maltreatment or disregard has happened to the child/children. During this clip the worker will travel into the place and work with the households to give services so their kids will non be taken out of the place.

( Segal, 2010 )

No Child Left Behind

No Child Left Behind ( NCLB ) was enacted in 2001 by President George W. Bush. The intent of NCLB was to work on holding higher outlooks for instructors in public schools. In order to do certain that NCLB is working decently, instructors are given marks that their pupils must run into, including reading and math.

( Segal, 2010 )

School Breakfast and Lunch Program

The School Breakfast and Lunch Program are where school pupils receive free or reduced breakfast and tiffin. Students receive free nutrient if their households income are 130 % or below. Students receive reduced nutrient if their household ‘s income is between 130 % and 185 % .

( “ School tiffin and, n.d. ” )

Education for All Handicapped Children Act

The Education for All Handicapped Children Act was enacted in 1975. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act ‘s intent was to do attempts for all handicapped kids to acquire a good instruction.

( Segal, 2010 )

Persons with Disabilities Education Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ( IDEA ) was enacted in 1990. The intent of the IDEA was to set an accent on holding handicapped kids in a regular school that ‘s in their vicinity, instead than a particular needs school outside their vicinity.

( Segal, 2010 )

Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act ( COBRA )

The Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act ( COBRA ) was enacted in 1985 by Congress. The COBRA plan allows workers to maintain their insurance up to 18 months after they leave their employment.

( Segal, 2010 )

Health Insurance Privacy and Portability Act ( HIPPA )

Health Insurance Privacy and Portability Act ( HIPPA ) was enacted in 1996 by President Clinton and Congress. HIPPA is a signed signifier that allows patients to hold their medical information private and confidential to all other medical offices or insurance companies.

( Segal, 2010 )

National Mental Health Act

The National Mental Health Act was enacted in 1945. The National Mental Health Act provided financess to provinces for mental wellness centres to be funded. Besides, the National Mental Health Act created the National Institute of Mental Health.

( Segal, 2010 )

Community Mental Health Centers Act

The Community Mental Health Centers Act was enacted in 1963 by Congress. The intent of the Community Mental Health Centers Act was to supply financess to construct mental wellness centres.

( Segal, 2010 )

2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was enacted in 2010 by President Obama. The chief points of the PPACA are:

Mandated wellness insurance

Low income households will be able to acquire subsidies to purchase their insurance

Businesss, with under 50 employees, will be able to hold insurance

Stopping points Medicare Part D ‘s “ donut hole ”

Decrease Medicare disbursement

Expand Medicaid

Insurance companies can non deny anyone coverage based on their preexistent conditions

Employers with more than 50 employees have to supply insurance

( “ Major commissariats of, ” 2012 )

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