Question is – What are we made of and what survives after decease of the organic structure. If anything survives how much of the original individuality of that individual survives and in what signifier? Peoples try to reply this by:
Believing in a superior being who has communicated a promise Gathering informations about LAD – near decease experiences. past life memories that suggest reincarnation. the para-normal Accepting no ‘life ‘after decease – we are matter and return to affair and go portion of the wider universe once more Exploring thoughts about the nature of organic structure and psyche
Some Christians believe decease is the event that makes sense of our old lives and the significance of decease itself is changed in the promise of ageless life. John Hick. ‘ it should non arouse the disgusting fright with which we face what we know to be evil… It is a Fuller phase in the outworking of the Creator’s loving intent for his kids.
Beginnings Revealed Knowledge – The Bible. Qur’an. Torah etc which tell us of the events others have experienced and what they claim and to those who accept them as revealed cognition this gives certainty. Christians believe that Jesus was and is God Incarnate. so if he promises ageless life to his followings. he must be trusted. Similarly Muslims trust the Prophet Mohammed as Allah’s chosen courier – and as he has spoken of Eden. so there must be such a topographic point. Inferential Knowledge – Reasoning that the thoughts expressed explicate so much that they must be true even if there’s no cogent evidence = a belief. Hindus do non hold any promise in Bible. but they trust their God loves them and so will e Gods to them upon decease.
In neither instance is at that place absolute cogent evidence – the truster trusts that it is true.
Religious positions Christian Old Testament – good and bad alike to travel to Sheol as apparitional persons – Job 14. 7-12 There’s hope is a tree is cut down as buds can turn from the bole but ‘man lies down and does non lift again’ . However he besides believes that if he has a personal relationship with God which is beyond the tests of this life he will be with God at the terminal.
New Testament – the crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ is at the bosom of the belief in LAD. . Jesus’s promise to the good stealer crucified with him ‘This twenty-four hours you will be with me in paradise’ merely appears in the Gospel of Luke – indicates that he believes in the possibility of Eden for the righteous and the repentant. However the interlingual rendition of ‘paradise’ could besides mention to a pleasant topographic point. Jesus referred to heaven as the topographic point where God lived ‘Our Father which art in heaven…’
Book of Revelations contains visions of Saints whose bloody robes have been washed clean in the blood of the lamb ( Christ ) in a celestial metropolis. the new Jerusalem. It is clear there is a Eden after decease. which is separate from the last judgement. besides known as the 2nd approach. which will go on at the terminal of clip.
The term eschatalogical spread refers to the spread between what’s in the bible and the precise inside informations of the afterlife Purgatory – Roman Catholics merely – people have to expiate for wickedness before they can come in heaven – no biblical grounds for this thought Limbo – non in current usage. but Catholics used to believe the unbaptized or good people who’d ne’er heard of Jesus would travel here. Protestants believed such people would travel directly to hell as God would hold called those to be saved. One mention in Peter’s letters ‘The liquors who are in prison’ Reincarnation – some Christians have accepted this in the past – but non presently in usage.
Catholics in peculiar value visual aspects by Mary ( Lourdes. Fatima etc ) and other saints after their decease as corroborating an after life.
Religious society of friendss – spiritual organic structure without credos and so basal beliefs on experience. life experience varies and hence so do positions on LAD. Three chief positions – bit these are non fixed. all beliefs are personal. 1. The good we have done ( and perchance the immorality ) lives on after we have gone in the lives of those affected – this might be as memories or as the impact of workss 2. Survival of the Human Spirit as a continuance of this life in a ‘spiritual body’ ( St Paul’s term ) . Some besides believe in reincarnation 3. Credence of Eden and snake pit as finishs after decease but belief in a Loving God and salvation through Christ means snake pit can non be ageless Personal decisions about LAD are based on single experiences of the Love of God in this life in malice of the experience of agony.
Therevada Buddists Nirvana achieved in this life. without substrate and so go oning to populate in bodily signifier is described as a set of qualities in The Questions of King Milinda. He asks Nagasena whether he can compare it to anything in this universe to assist him understand. Nagasena says it can’t be compared to anything. but its qualities can. E. g ‘As a Nelumbo nucifera is unsustained by H2O. so Nirvana is unsustained by all the defilements’
Islam God has a program for the whole existence and all human existences At the twenty-four hours of opinion to whole existence will be destroyed and the dead raised to stand before him That twenty-four hours will be the beginning of an ageless life on which every person will be judged and rewarded by God harmonizing to their workss. The Qur’an argues that life after decease is critical of make sense of morality. If there is no hereafter so a belief in God is irrelevant.
Hindus believe in certain celestial provinces. notably Goloka. Krishna’s Eden for fans. but there is small justification in Bible. Hindus believe as a God loves his people he must be good to them when they die.
The Resurrection of the Body Key Christian belief is that the single survives as an person. Besides that the person is judged as a single Jesus’s Resurrection and Ascension is the theoretical account we will follow as he was sent to demo us the manner. the truth and the visible radiation. . The Apostles and Nicene Creed both affirm belief in ‘the Resurrection of the dead and the life of the universe to come’ Tey besides refer to the ‘communion of saints’ which refers to the Church as one organic structure unifying those in heaven and those on Earth. The point of the Creed is to reenforce belief in the face of challenges
Christians believe that adult male can be saved as a whole. organic structure and soul adult male can laud God through his organic structure as he is made in the image of God. the organic structure can go a forfeit to God and besides a dwelling topographic point of the Holy Spirit. ( Corinthians 6. 19-20. Make you non cognize that your organic structures are temples of the Holy Spirit. who is in you. whom you have received from God? ) . Besides Christ at the Last Supper gave his Body and Blood as a agency of redemption. so the human organic structure is of import On the same twenty-four hours as jesus’s Resurrection Matthew’s Gospel studies dead Prophetss lifting from their Gravess – bespeaking a bodily Resurrection.
Paul speaks of us deceasing and lifting with Christ in Baptism as a religious experience ( Romans 6. 5-11 ) but he is clear that the organic structure will be resurrected after decease – nevertheless in 1 Corinthians 15-50 he besides says ‘flesh and blood can non inherit the land of God. Irenaeus and Tertullian both interpret this to intend that flesh is resurrected for judgement and that the Spirit must be present in the flesh to come in heaven. The Creed besides affirms belief in the Holy Spirit.
1 Corinthains 15. 35-50 Paul is asked ‘How are the dead raised? ’ He uses the analogy of a seed and a bulb to demo that something wholly different can originate from a beginning. At h clip there was a normally held belief that the flesh would be resurrected – the cadaver – Paul tried to do it clear that the ‘body’ refers to the whole personality and individual. both interior and outer. Through Adam we are portion of the physical domain and through Christ we are portion of the religious domain – Christ was adult male and God together we are physical organic structure and religious organic structure together. Paul does non depict the religious organic structure.