The Mexican Constitution. established in 1917. outlined the necessity for public instruction. making a unequivocal forum for turn toing the educational demands of the state at the beginning of the century ( Althaus 1 ) . Though the Constitution addressed the issue of instruction. it did non supply a directive for advancing educational systems. and Mexico has had to turn to the hard job of supplying an educational system for 100s of different autochthonal linguistic communications and civilizations ( Bettering 1 ) . Though the Mexican authoritiess of the last two decennaries have attempted to turn to educational reform. there are a figure of troubles that have presented themselves. including a turning school-aged population and the issues of linguistic communication and civilization. which have prevented any major widespread alterations to take clasp. As for the United States. the American instruction is difficult to individual out. The United States does non hold a national school system ; so a individual school draws resources from several different public and private establishments ( USIA 1 ) .
Mexico’s current educational system is one of free and mandatory instruction for kids between the ages of 6 and 14 ( Saleem ) . In order to supply for the demands of this educational system. the Mexican authorities has had to concentrate on societal substructures in rural every bit good as urban communities in order to back up the national plans. Mexico has been definitively more successful in implementing educational reforms in urban scenes. particularly in invariably increasing low-income urban countries. But over the past two decennaries. the focal point has been on conveying primary schools to flush the most stray small towns. About 90 per centum of the pupils in America attend public simple and secondary schools. All provinces require immature grownups to go to school. Although the age bound may change. most provinces require attending until the age of 16. and some provinces until the age of 18. Every kid in America will have a lower limit of 11 old ages of instruction regardless of their sex. race. faith. larning jobs. physical disabilities. ability to talk English. citizenship. or position of immigrant ( USIA 1-2 ) .
The state of Mexico composes instruction provided by the federal authorities. The authorities spends about 25. 3 per centum of its budget on instruction. Education is divided into four different degrees ; the first two subdivisions are compulsory which includes primary school that holds classs one to six. and secondary school that are classs seven to nine ( Educational 1 ) . School attending through 6th class was obligatory until 1993. now kids are required by jurisprudence to finish the full nine old ages of instruction. In larger metropoliss pupils must past an entryway test before progressing to the following class ( Althaus 2 ) .
Then a pupil can travel to either college homework school for three more old ages or to a vocational school which he or she can larn a accomplishment or trade. Then eventually comes the university degree. this subdivision is qualified for pupils that have graduated from either a preparatory or vocational school. To be accepted into college in Mexico pupils must take an entryway test. State colleges and universities charge Mexican citizens an apparent tuition. although some charge more. Private colleges are non superior to the public schools but are more expensive ( Educational 1 ) .
In the past two decennaries Mexico’s educational system has made major paces to better their norm of schooling old ages. “In 1970. a kid received an norm of four old ages of schooling. By 1990. the norm was six to seven years” ( Althaus 1 ) . “‘In 1960. 5 million schoolchildren enrolled in Mexico’s public school system’ . says pedagogue Guevara. This twelvemonth. more than 21 million registered in the first through 12th classs. More than 14. 5 million kids go to primary school. and another. 5 million attend junior high” ( Althaus 2 ) .
In 1989 President George Bush and the governors of all 50 provinces gave the motion to reform American instruction a new drift when they set six ends to be achieved by the twelvemonth 2000: That all kids will get down school ready to larn ; that 90 per centum of all high school pupils will graduate ; that all pupils will accomplish competency in nucleus topics at certain cardinal points in their advancement ; that American pupils will be foremost in the universe in math and scientific discipline accomplishment ; that every American grownup will be literate and have the accomplishments to map as a citizen and a worker ; That all schools will be free of drugs and force and offer a disciplined environment that is contributing to larning. ( USIA 3 )
The normality’s of instruction every bit good as the planning. scheduling. and choosing the content were the duty of the Mexican authorities. The purpose and educational determinations made by this cardinal organ were standardized for all the kids and were to be every bit applied throughout the full state. For many old ages Mexican instruction was prearranged. synchronized. directed. and supervised by a cardinal educational bureau located in Mexico City ( Erdmann 136 ) .
The direction and control of the populace every bit good as private educational sectors did non let for any single adjustments ; hence. kids who differed from the bulk in any manner were non offered chances in general instruction scenes. Teaching rules and stuffs were used irrespective of the location. population. cultural and cultural values. and regional specialnesss. Private schools were allowed to learn another linguistic communication. merely after the rules and authorizations imposed by the board of instruction ( Erdmann 136 ) .
The educational norms and processs provided by the cardinal educational bureau were non the lone prejudiced events. but their still remains a job with overcrowded schoolrooms with a individual instructor teaching more than 50 pupils.
In the last few old ages. the Mexican Ministry of Public Education has openly recognized the following four educational jobs as precedences: The greater demand for instruction in relation to countrywide handiness ; the uneven quality of instruction among different parts in the state ; the figure of kids who fail to larn suitably and who. as a consequence. are retained in the same class at so terminal of each school twelvemonth ; the figure of kids who drop out of school before completing their elementary-school instruction. ( Erdmann 137 )
The Mexican educational system has encountered many jobs for a long clip. These unsolved issues prevail in malice of the passage of the general instruction jurisprudence and show a challenge to the successful execution of the new jurisprudence. Presently the educational decentalisation jurisprudence gave manner for Mexican provinces to hold the power to command their on educational programs. plans. and select their on contents harmonizing to their pupils demands. In add-on. American schools have encountered jobs. “The schools must get by with an inflow of immigrant kids. many of whom speak small or no English. The schools must do certain that pupils develop basic accomplishments for the occupation market. and they must see the demands of untraditional pupils. such as teen-age mothers” ( USIA 4 ) .
In decision. Education is a dynamic field in both the United States and in Mexico ( Erdmann 135 ) . The United States has mandated inclusive instruction since 1975. and 18 old ages subsequently Mexico took the same place with the new instruction jurisprudence of 1993. “For Mexico. a state that has gone through three profound economic crises in the last 20 old ages and has experiences a significant addition in its population. the challenge to supply appropriate instruction for all of its kids has become and tremendous task” ( Erdmann 144 ) .
Althaus. Dudley. 1995. Twilight’s Children. Houston Chroncicle: 1-3.
The Educational System. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. isep. org/handbooks/mexico/mexico. htm. : 1-2.
Bettering Rural Primary Education: the Mexican Experience.
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Reich-Erdmann. Georgina. 1998. Educational Opportunities For Children With
Disabilities. Ebscohost: 135-46.
Saleem. El-Hajj Malik. hypertext transfer protocol: //www/csudh. edu/global_options/375Students
USIA: Portrayal of the USA. ch. 6.
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. usinfo. province. gov/usa/infousa/facts/factover/ch6. htm. : 1-5.