The United States has no more of import foreign relation ship than that of which it enjoys with Mexico. and frailty versa. These two states portion interlacing societies and economic systems. Although there have been dissensions and turbulency between the two states. which partnership is without these? The Strength of each country’s democracy is cardinal to the other’s. This relationship that the two states portion straight affects that lives of 1000000s of Mexican and United States citizens everyday.
Recently these two states have become even more incorporate than of all time before. Undertaking issues such as Border Control. Countering Narcotics. Covering with multiple Law enforcement bureaus. Human Rights Torahs. trade and development. etc. There are many issues that they are reciprocally interested in and must cover with. Yet. there are some huge differences in which these two states are run. There are besides many similarities. which we must take into history. Both Democratic Governments have similar constructions. incorporating a legislative. judicial. and executive subdivision.
Yet. these constructions are really different internally. incorporating specific responsibilities that the other country’s subdivision may non hold. The Executive Branch refers to the Presidential place in both authoritiess. The Presidency is a overriding establishment. non merely of the Mexican Government but of the US Government as good. The Countries full political system is positioned around the presidential term. In the United States the President besides serves as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.
The President appoints the cabinet and oversees the assorted bureaus and sections of the Federal Government. The Executive Branch is checked by Congress which would be the Legislative Branch. In order for person to go President. he or she must be a natural -born citizen of the United States. He or she must be at least 35 old ages of age and must hold resided in the US for at least 14 old ages. Once elected. the President must function a term of four old ages. and may be re-elected merely one time.
Now. the Executive Branch of the Mexican authorities is really similar to that of its neighbours. but there are some polar differences in the establishment. Presidents are elected by a bulk of registered electors in the 31 provinces and the Federal District. The President holds the formal rubrics of head of province. caput of authorities. and commanding officer in head of armed forces. The campaigners must besides be at least 35 old ages of age by election twenty-four hours. And they must non merely be Mexican citizens by birth but must besides be the progeny of Mexican Citizens by birth.
Unlike the US. the campaigner can non hold held cabinet station or a governorship. nor have been on active military responsibility during the six months prior to the election. Critics have labeled the presidential term the “six twelvemonth monarchy” due to the length of the term being six old ages. and because of the apparently unbridled power that has resided in the office. Much of the presidential power is derived from the presidents direct and undisputed control over both the province and the governing party. the PRI.
One of the Unique characteristics of the Mexican Presidency that has caused a great tumult since the 1930’s is the procedure of presidential sequence. Mexicos PRI presidents have enjoyed the right to personally call their replacement. This privilege is known as the dedazo. which means the Tap. Besides. one immense difference in the executive subdivision between the two authoritiess is the issue of Vice Presidency. Mexico merely has no Vice President. Further reenforcing the presidents undisputed power.
Meanwhile the United States does hold a Vice Presidential place. A place that is voted on in the same run as the President. They are looked at as more of a squad. a two for the monetary value of one trade. Legislative powers consist of the Congress. which is divided into two Chamberss. the senate and the House of Representatives. Each member of the Congress is elected by the people of his or her province. The Senate holds 100 seats. two seats per province. The House of Representatives seats are based on the poplation of each province. keeping about 435 seats.
The difference between these two is that a representatives term is for two old ages. while senators are elected for six twelvemonth footings. In Mexico the legislative subdivision of authorities consists of a bicameral Congress. El Congreso de la Union. This Congress. like the US’s. is divided into an upper chamber. the senate. and a lower chamber. chamber of deputies. Just like the US. both Chamberss are responsible for the treatment and blessing of statute law and the confirmation of high-ranking presidential assignments.
The senate consisted of 64 members. two members for each province and two stand foring the Federal District elected by a direct ballot from the population for a six twelvemonth term. In ulterior old ages. as portion of electoral reforms the size of the senate doubled in size and now holds 128 members. Since 1986 the house of deputies consisted of 500 seats. 200 of these seats are elected by a relative representation from among big territories. Members of the Chamber of Deputies serve three twelvemonth footings. All members are non allowed to run for re-election. but they may function non-consecutive footings.