Identity as citizenship and the human rights

This essay will be discoursing about one of the three types of Brunei ‘s citizenship. Brunei citizenship is divided into three classs. It is categorise by colour which are xanthous, violet and green and these colour will be the colour of the individuality card clasp by each of Brunei citizenships harmonizing to which citizenship they are categorised. In Brunei Darussalam, different individuality card holder will acquire different forte offered by the Brunei ‘s authorities because in Brunei Darussalam, Brunei authorities is responsible for its citizen public assistance. Forte means public assistance in footings of instruction, wellness attention and occupation offer. The public assistance given is different from one individuality card holder to another.

IDENTITY AS CITIZENSHIP AND THE HUMAN RIGHTS

The focal point of this essay will be on the violet card holder and my focal point is on pupils. The issue will be discuss after I elaborate the inside informations of the violet citizenship position and their human rights in their stay in Brunei Darussalam. The violet card holder is for a citizen who came into Brunei Darussalam and married to a Brunei adult female. This citizenship will besides descent to their kids if the male parent are non a local Bruneian. The kid whose male parent keeping the violet citizenship is categorise the same as their male parent ‘s citizenship even though they are born in Brunei. Purple card citizenship can besides be given to people who plan to populate for good in Brunei Darussalam. The forte given to the violet citizenship is different from what is given to the xanthous card citizenship. Yellow citizenship is the pure citizenship which is called as local people. There is another citizenship position in Brunei which is a green card holder which will non be include in this treatment but the best description is this type of citizenship is for impermanent foreign worker who work in Brunei with two old ages renewable visa.

The local people are the community who are given the forte from the authorities in footings of instruction, wellness attention and occupation offer. Local pupils are given scholarship for instruction. They do non hold to pay anything for their primary school and secondary school even texts books are provided without any disbursal demands. Unlike the violet card citizenship, although they are born in Brunei they have to pay the school fees. The school fee is paid monthly and the cost will be increasing as they went to a higher degree of instruction. Sing wellness attention, people with violet citizenship have to pay the sum of BND $ 30 for every prescription unlike the local citizenship which is the xanthous card holder they merely paying an sum of BND $ 1 for their prescription. They besides have to pay for their stay if they were admitted in the infirmary while local people pay nil.

Other than that, the violet card holder besides can non work as a authorities staff merely until they get their xanthous citizenship. The issue that inquiries this state of affairs is why as a lasting citizenship ( violet card holder ) do non acquire the authorities forte even though they have been remaining in Brunei for good and even some of them are born in Brunei. In Brunei if a local occupant ( xanthous card holder ) pupils using for university they have to hold an outstanding consequence in order to acquire a scholarship. If they are qualified with their consequence they will go on their survey to the university and they will be given monthly allowance by the authorities. Unlike the purple citizenship, even though they get an outstanding consequence but they can non come in the university by scholarship. They have to pay the school fee which is at the sum of BND $ 4000 per semester and this will be them an overall of BND $ 24,000 for the whole grade class which took four old ages to be completed.

As of the different public assistance, occur some instances in Brunei where some parents did non afford to pay their kids ‘s school fee and despairingly their kids are categorise as a really outstanding pupil in school. Sometime the pupils have to discontinue even at their early primary or secondary school because they could non go on their survey due to fiscal affair. What makes it as a just determination to distinguish a pupil with foreign male parent to pay for their instruction but they have been in Brunei since they born and are non traveling to another topographic point to remain and turn other than in Brunei. If the authorities let them acquire the same benefit as the local occupant will that harm the authorities in any manner? This is the inquiry which truly needs a clear account particularly for those who faced this state of affairs.

The kids are considered as Brunei plus but why they have to be treated like alien. If the authorities can non do any alteration to this kids public assistance who else can back up their hereafter. If the authorities can non get the better of this state of affairs what will go on in the hereafter if the figure of unemployment is increasing. This would problem the state and even adverse the hereafter of Brunei because of the regardless of some outstanding plus.

Below are the jurisprudence and ordinances of Brunei Government for using the xanthous card citizenship as stated in Brunei National Registry Members Section. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.imigresen.gov.bn.html. Last accessed 19th Jannuary 2011. The xanthous card citizenship are recognise as the people of His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. Merely this people are eligible to acquire the public assistance forte given by the authorities. So in order to acquire the full public assistance from the authorities the occupant with violet card holder can use to alter their violet card to yellow by the undermentioned ordinances.

ABSOLUTE EFFECTIVE BY THE LAW ( CHAPTER 4 OF THE NATIONAL STANDARD OF BRUNEI )

Application Requirements Status as a people of His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam:

1 – Section is recognized as the People ‘s Representatives of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam.

2 – Assign lawfully in the state while the application is made.

Registration BY [ Chapter 5 ( 1 ) , 6 ( 1 ) and 8 ( 1 ) OF THE NATIONAL STANDARD OF BRUNEI ]

Chapter 5 ( 1 ) THE APPLICANT IS BORN IN STATE

Requirements for Using for Status as the People of His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam:

The applier has reached 18 old ages when the application is made

The applier is recognized as lasting occupants to hold Entry Permit / Residence Permit for 12 old ages from the day of the month of issue

Resided continuously in the state for 2 old ages prior to application

Qualifications to people of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam:

Good behaviour ( to be reviewed by the parties concerned )

Malay Language Examination

Citizenship Status should deprive Beginning

Obedience Oath lift Seta ( after obtaining consent of His Gracious Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam.

Chapter 6 ( 1 ) Application STATUS BY FATHER / MOTHER / PARENTS lift CITIZENS OF BRUNEI

Application Requirements Status as a people of His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam

The applier is under 18 old ages old when the application is made

Father / Mother / Parent Adoption is recognized as a people of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam

Legally shacking in Brunei Darussalam during the application is made.

Eligibility To be people of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam

Good behaviour ( to be reviewed by the parties concerned )

Shall deprive Kewarganegraan Original Status

Chapter 8 ( 1 ) THE APPLICANT IS BORN ABROAD

Application Requirements Status as a people of His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam

The applier is under 18 old ages old when the application is made

The application is recognized as lasting occupants with Entry Permit / Residence Permit for 20 old ages from the day of the month of issue

Resided continuously in the state for 2 old ages prior to application.

Eligibility To be people of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam

Good behaviour ( to be reviewed by the parties concerned )

Passed the Malay Language

Shall deprive Kewarganegraan Original Status

Faithful Obedience Oath lift ( after acquiring Perkenaan His Gracious Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam )

As the ordinance stated in the jurisprudence of Department Of Immigration and National Registration Ministry of Domestic Affair Brunei it shows that it is applicable to be the people of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam every bit long as they are qualified harmonizing to the jurisprudence and ordinance of National ordinance. Somehow what can be seen from the ordinance is it took a really long clip for a violet card citizen to go and even use the xanthous citizenship. It is at some points blowing their clip waiting and besides blowing their money to pass on expense demand as a violet citizenship while at the terminal they will still to be recognized as a xanthous citizenship.

Therefore in this instance clip is truly matter because through clip it shows how much we spend for the expense demand and we could thing how worth it is to pass that sum of money merely to travel through that clip appraisal stated in the ordinance. What if within the clip the pupils are non be able to go on their survey merely because they can non afford to pay the fees and after a long clip when they get the xanthous citizenship but at that clip it is already impossible for them to go on their survey because of their age factor. In Brunei there is school ordinance where merely certain age can come in certain degree of instruction as stated in Education System. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.moe.edu.bn. Last accessed 15th Jannuary 2011. If they could non go on their survey merely because of this affair so who are to be blasted and who are to be responsible for their hereafter. Harmonizing to ordinance on chapter 5 ( 1 ) for appliers who born in Brunei. They can merely use the xanthous citizenship if they reach their age of 18 old ages old. But if we think about this providentially why do the parents have to pay for their instruction until they reach their age of 18 old ages old and so after that they are conform to be a local citizenship. This is a waste of money.

Of class in footings of future it is sometimes under the duties of their parents. But what if the male parent earns low income merely because he can non work with the authorities. The authorities can non offer any occupation and he has to work at private sector with low wage because he is still waiting for the xanthous citizenship and he could non acquire the occupation offer by the authorities since he is still keeping the violet citizenship. This will impact the hereafter of their kid particularly when they have figure of kids to depend on them. As stated in Job Vacancy. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.pelitabrunei.gov.bn. Last accessed 19th Jannuary 2011 which is demoing the conditions for using authorities occupation as below:

General Conditionss:

The appliers of the people of His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam.

The applicant cognition of kerasmian faith, imposts, civilization, societal development, economic sciences and political relations of Brunei Darussalam.

Willing to work anytime outside normal on the job hours on working on a rotary motion footing ( displacement ) or during public vacations and besides be willing to function in any territory in the state.

In order for a kid to trust on their male parent ‘s citizenship as stated in the ordinance chapter 6 ( 1 ) the male parent has to hold a license of 20 old ages as a violet citizenship ( lasting citizenship ) and the kid must non yet make the age of 18. Let ‘s state the male parent has non make the appraisal clip remaining in Brunei for 20 old ages and the kid are already eligible to use the xanthous citizenship, this would detain the kid from doing the application for the xanthous citizenship until they reach their age of 18 old ages old. There are besides instances happen to purple citizen pupils where they have to prorogue from come ining the university because they have to wait until they reach their age of 18 old ages old to do them eligible to acquire the scholarship to come in the university as the ordinance stated in admittance. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ubd.edu.bn. Last accessed 15th Jannuary 2011.

They besides do non hold any option for illustration to work with the authorities even though the finished their survey in the authorities school by fee because they have to hold the xanthous citizenship. In instances like this besides happen that the kid can non do the application to acquire the xanthous citizenship at all because if they already reach their age of 18 and was born abroad and their male parent have non make the 20 old ages being a lasting occupant they are no longer eligible to do an application. This is because as stated in chapter 8 ( 1 ) if appliers are born abroad they are merely eligible to do application before they reach the age of 18 old ages old. They besides holding job to use for scholarship to analyze abroad.

In Brunei, pupils with outstanding A degree consequence will be eligible to acquire survey abroad scholarship but the status is they must be keeping the xanthous citizenship as stated in Scholarship. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.moe.edu.bn. Last accessed 15th Jannuary 2011. For pupils who are keeping violet citizenship, they can non use for this scholarship even they have got a really first-class consequence. Therefore some of them who did non afford to pay for a really expensive school fee can non go on their survey to a higher degree of instruction particularly university. Sometime they have to blow their clip waiting for their citizenship application to be approved by the Department Of Immigration and National Registration Ministry of Domestic Affair Brunei.

For appliers stated in chapter 8 ( 1 ) the jurisprudence and ordinance of Department Of Immigration and National Registration Ministry of Domestic Affair Brunei for appliers who was born abroad in order to be hold the xanthous citizenship of Brunei they have to go through their Malay Language Test. If they do non go through the trial they have to seek until they can acquire through and qualified to be the xanthous citizenship. In this instances happen that they have to seek for so many old ages to be qualified but what is deserving seeking in old ages in order to acquire the scholarship if the scholarship has limit the demand merely to pupils who is below 25 old ages old. In Brunei if person is to use for instruction scholarship they must be non more than 25 old ages old. If person with violet citizenship are recognised as the xanthous citizenship after their age of 25 old ages old than what is deserving contending for making the trial in old ages while harmonizing to their academic making they are really qualified to go on their survey.

For those who can afford to pay for their instruction to university degree and manage to finish their grade with outstanding making that does non intend that they can work with the authorities. This is because the ordinance to work with the authorities is they must hold a xanthous citizenship. If they do non qualified in footings of citizenship their academic consequence will non be considered by the authorities even though they are qualified in footings of academic making. In the terminal they have to pass old ages working with private sector and gain lower income which is non suited for their academic making and what have they been traveling through will continuously go on to their kids as good. Some of them besides have to travel to other state to seek for appropriate and suited occupation for their making.

Decision

There are so many things to be considered and analysed in this issue. The ordinance delayed the application in footings of the demand of the clip demands to be the xanthous citizenship. Most appliers have to wait for a really long clip until they are applicable to be the xanthous citizenship. Along their journey to acquire the xanthous citizenship they have lost so many valuable things such as their clip, their attempt and even their hereafter. If this happen continuously to the occupant of Brunei specially the purple citizen it will leads to a large doomed to the state in footings of losing the intelligent assets and besides will take to monolithic figure of unemployment in the hereafter. It is non erroneous to set a jurisprudence for people to use the xanthous citizenship of Brunei. But the clip required for the violet citizenship to use the xanthous citizenship should be decreased for the state and resident ain good and for a better hereafter.

( 2,860 words )

Bibligraphy:

admittance. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ubd.edu.bn. Last accessed 15th Jannuary 2011

Education System. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.moe.edu.bn. Last accessed 15th Jannuary 2011.

Job Vacancy. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.pelitabrunei.gov.bn. Last accessed 19th Jannuary 2011

Members Section. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.imigresen.gov.bn.html. Last accessed 19th Jannuary 2011

Scholarship. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.moe.edu.bn. Last accessed 15th Jannuary 2011.

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