African americans have been contending for equality and freedom every since they were taken from Africa as slaves. They were stolen from their households and separated merely to be retainers to others as they were belittled. crush. set down and treated as nil. Many things have changed over the centuries. but African-Americans still fight everyday for different types of recognitions and equality. They have fought hard over the centuries to stop segregation. favoritism. and isolation to achieve equality and civil rights.
Through the Civil Rights Movement African Americans played of import functions American history with bravery. strength. and fighting to populate equal in America. We have learned about of import people and events throughout history. but the battle against favoritism. segregation and isolation have non ever been focused on. This paper will foreground how some of the well known and unknown people contributed towards the Civil Rights Movement. in which continues to be fought in present clip.
“Racial segregation was a system derived from the attempts of white Americans to maintain African Americans in a subsidiary position by denying them equal entree to public installations and guaranting that inkinesss lived apart from whites” ( Lawson. 2009 ) . Slaves lived in quarters far off from the maestro houses on the plantations. the lone 1s that lived in the house were the particular chosen. “By the clip the Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sanford ( 1857 ) that African Americans were non U. S. citizens. northern Whites had excluded inkinesss from seats on public transit and barred their entry. except as retainers. from most hotels and eating houses.
When allowed into auditoriums and theatres. inkinesss occupied separate subdivisions ; they besides attended unintegrated schools. Most churches. excessively. were segregated. ” ( Lawson. 2009 ) . Rosa Parks was celebrated for her bravery to stand for her right to sit where of all time she wanted on a coach. but she was non the first or merely one to do this pick. There was a 15 twelvemonth old miss that was arrested nine months before. but she was non attributed to the act because of her position of being a foul oral cavity romp and acquiring pregnant right after the incident ( Young. 2000 ) .
Besides when Rosa Parks was approached by the coach driver to travel there were other African- American people sitting following to her. but because she spoke up first history gives her recognition and was noticed by Dr. Martin Luther King. It needs to be known that many people were brave in their act to contend for equal rights. Basically Parks was at the right topographic point at the right clip. “Parks arrest sparked a concatenation reaction that started the coach boycott that launched the civil rights motion that transformed the apartheid of America’s southern provinces from a local foible to an international dirt.
It was her single bravery that triggered the corporate show of rebelliousness that turned a antecedently unknown 26-year-old sermonizer. Martin Luther King. into a family name” ( Younge. 2000 ) . Dr. Martin Luther King name goes down in history as the most good known militants through the old ages. He was known as a non violent militant. in which he adapted the doctrine from Gandhi. which was respected non merely by the black race but besides by all other races. King’s address “I Have a Dream” became what African-American’s unrecorded by for centuries to come.
Besides there was the. “We Shall Overcome” address on August 23. 1963. King’s words at the capital that twenty-four hours were a defining minute of the Civil Rights movement” ( Bowles. 2011 ) . King fought for civil rights until the twenty-four hours he was killed. There was a protest at Fisk University in Nashville in which three pupils was disgusted at the fact inkinesss could non sit at the tiffin counters to eat. C. T. Vivian. Diane Nash and Bernard Lafayette protested with others in Nashville on April 19. 1960. “Nash confronted Mayor Ben West. In what she calls a “divine inspiration. ” she asked the city manager to stop racial segregation.
He appealed to all non to know apart. She asked him if he meant that to include tiffin counters. He sidestepped. She said. “Mayor. make you urge that the tiffin counters be desegregated? ” West said. “Yes. ” and the conflict was won. Within yearss. integrating began” ( Weier. 2001 ) . While civil rights militants were contending on the place forepart. African American work forces and adult females uprightly performed their responsibilities in two universe wars. They courageously entered a military that was at odds about their presence and the appropriate functions for inkinesss.
While more than 400. 000 African American soldiers were traveling through basic preparation. having their assignments or confronting the enemy’s slugs in World War I. public violences against black citizens were intensifying in the United States. By the clip the Second World War ended. over one million black forces returned place to the U. S. equivalent of apartheid. Yet. with the cognition of conditions at place. black soldiers still distinguished themselves in conflicts for freedoms. which they were unable to bask ( Blakely. 1999 ) .
Discrimination was popular in the 1900’s and African americans stood up to be treated as equal Americans as the Whites. particularly in the World War II. “While willing to contend for their state. some besides made a base against favoritism while they served. For illustration. on April 12. 1945. the U. S. Army took 101 African American officers into detention because they straight refused an order from a superior officer. This was a serious charge because. if convicted. they would confront the decease penalty” ( Bowles. 2011 ) . They wanted to acquire acknowledged for their courage and achievements in the war merely the white soldiers.
America waited decennaries for the African –American soldiers of the World War II to acquire the proper recognitions they deserve. which was excessively small excessively tardily. “These work forces were willing to decease for the state ; they were non eligible for many of the awards for their service. Though many deserved it. no African American could have the Medal of Honor. the highest military award for courage. Bill Clinton corrected this mistake 50 old ages subsequently. confering the decoration on seven work forces. but merely one. Vernon Baker. was still alive ( Bowles. 2011 ) .
These work forces were known as the Tuskegee Airmen and most of them died before having their awards. There were legion motions and people. even Afro-american adult females whom had a manus in battling for equality. They had to contend non merely for equality from racism. but besides covering with being judged by their gender. “The Women’s Service Section ( WSS ) investigated federally controlled railway Stationss and paces at the terminal of World War I. Few adult females worked in auto cleansing before the war. and railroad direction preferred to barricade adult females workers. particularly African Americans. from deriving any sort of bridgehead in railway work.
African American adult females were the individual largest group of railway auto cleaners during this period but they were routinely denied adequate installations. including lavatories. cabinet suites. and dining installations throughout the railway system. By raising the issues of installations. workers’ rights. and public wellness. these adult females shaped federal policy and widened the docket of the WSS to include a direct onslaught on unintegrated workplaces” Muhammad. ( 2011 ) . Black adult females wanted to hold the same rights as others for traveling to school with safety and security. “In Brown v Board of Education ( 1954 ) the Supreme Court reversed its opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson.
They held that school segregation was inherently unconstitutional because it violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. This instance marked the terminal of legal segregation in the US” . There were other important Afro-american motions that changed history. “Starting in the sixtiess. inkinesss in Akron began to force for an terminal to favoritism utilizing assorted tactics. such as political action. workshops. and employment thrusts. Opie Evans edited the Akronite and began forcing for alterations in his magazine. Protests widened to include sit-ins and other demonstrations” ( McClain. 1996 ) . African americans such as Martin Luther King Jr.
and Malcolm X have become icons of the 1950’s and 1960’s. but the organisational accomplishments and grassroots activism of adult females such as Ella Baker. Septima Clark. Rosa Parks and Fannie Lou Hamer propelled the motion frontward to many successes and inspired a new coevals of militants. African americans have come a long manner contending for equality and freedom every since the bondage clip. They won their freedom and more equality than the of all time had along with stoping segregation. Many things have changed over the centuries. but African-Americans still fight everyday for different types of recognitions.
They have fought hard to stop segregation. most of favoritism. and isolation to achieve equality and civil rights. Mentions Blakely. Gloria. ( 1999 ) . The twentieth Century in CP Time: 1900-1949 — We are a People. Sentinel. p. A8. Retrieved July 16. 2012. from ProQuest Newsstand. ( Document ID: 490544881 ) . hypertext transfer protocol: //proquest. umi. com/pqdweb? did=490544881 & A ; sid=2 & A ; Fmt=3 & A ; clientId=74379 & A ; RQT=309 & A ; VName=PQD Bowles. M. D. ( 2011 ) . American History 1865- Present. End of Isolation. San Diego. Calcium: Bridgepoint Education. Inc. Retrieved on June 11. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //content. ashford. edu/books/AUHIS204. 11. 2/sections/sec3.
7 Lawson. S. F. ( 2009 ) . “Segregation. ” Freedom’s Story. TeacherServe. National Humanities Center. Retrieved on July 16. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //nationalhumanitiescenter. org/tserve/freedom/1865-1917/essays/segregation. htm | | Mcclain. S. R. . ( 1996 ) . The Contributions of Blacks in Akron: 1825-1895. A Doctoral Dissertation. Retrieved on July 17. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. curie. Akron. oh. us/blackhist/timeline/index. htm Muhammad. R. ( 2011 ) . Separate AND UNSANITARY: African American Women Railroad Car Cleaners and the Women’s Service Section. 1918-1920. Journal of Women’s History. 23 ( 2 ) . 87-111. 230.
Retrieved July 16. 2012. from Research Library. ( Document ID: 2377762701 ) . hypertext transfer protocol: //proquest. umi. com/pqdweb? did=2377762701 & A ; sid=3 & A ; Fmt=3 & A ; clientId=74379 & A ; RQT=309 & A ; VName=PQD Weier. A. ( 2001 ) . She Socked Segregation Civil Rights Leaders Still Inspires Students. Madison Capital Times. Madison. WI. Retrieved July 27. 2012 from ProQuest. hypertext transfer protocol: //search. proquest. com/docview/395202519? accountid=32521 Younge. G. ( 2000 ) . She Would Not Be Moved. The Guardian. London. UK. . Retrieved July 28. 2012 from ProQuest. hypertext transfer protocol: //search. proquest. com/docview/245609939? accountid=32521.